Ethernet Terminology

Technology can be pretty daunting to comprehend, especially when the terms and names applied to it seem overly-complicated. This report intends to break down the conditions most commonly used when referring to’Ethernet’ and offer simple explanations and overviews.


Unlike a LAN, where the computers have to be fairly close to one another, using a WAN the computers could be on the opposite side of the planet. A WAN is composed of several significant LANs connected together – a router then connects the LANs into a WAN. The most important and most foremost example of a WAN would be the web.


A protocol is a standard or a rule that applies to how computers and the technologies associated with them operate. If we didn’t use protocols the vast majority of computers wouldn’t have the ability to communicate with one another. A protocol that you might have come across is ‘HTTP’ – this protocol determines how information and data are translated and displayed as web pages in a browser.


These abbreviations refer to the rate of a network link that’s measured in’bits per second’. The greatest speeds will be quantified in gbps or’gigabits per second’.


Ethernet is a means of connecting computers to form a LAN. It uses protocols to control how the data is transmitted and handled. It’s the most commonly used LAN technology now and may be used by virtually every computer. It was named after the light emitting ‘ether’ which was thought to carry light across the universe.

This LAN technology uses wires and initially could go up to speeds of 10mbps. Thanks to modern technology we are now able to access gigabit speeds. This is known as’fast Ethernet’. Using Ethernet links means that established LANs can enlarge when new devices connect without needing to modify or alter the present network or the computers connected to it.

Network Adapter

If you would like to join your computer to a network you need to have a network card (built to your own computer ) or network adapter (external) installed to be able to do so. Having a network card or adapter installed means your computer can communicate with the network router and connect to a network or to the net. Network adapters may be used for wireless and wired networks.

Ethernet cable and port

Ethernet Card

An Ethernet card, therefore, is a form of network card. It’s known as an Ethernet card since it supports Ethernet connections. Originally Ethernet cards may only go up to 10Mbps but today have been developed to encourage the faster modern Ethernet rates.

Ethernet Port

An Ethernet Port is the area in your computer that you plug in an Ethernet cable into. Sometimes they’re known as ‘jacks’ or’ sockets’. Ethernet is so prevalent that the vast majority of computers now have a built in Ethernet port. The interface is connected to the internal Ethernet card which then will enable your computer to communicate with the network router. A number of other electronic equipment now have built in Ethernet ports, by way of instance, games consoles and a few televisions.

Ethernet Switch

An Ethernet switch is the apparatus that ‘handles’ the system. It makes sure the information from one computer goes where it needs to go. Lots of individuals have clarified an Ethernet switch concerning a policeman directing traffic or a phone operator taking calls and linking them. The Ethernet switch also ensures that all the computers and devices on the system can operate at full capacity without affecting or slowing down any of the other machines which are connected. It manages the traffic stream and sends it where it needs to go.

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